Capital Small Finance Bank Limited IPO

Issue Open Feb, 7 2023 Listing At BSE, NSE
Issues Close Feb, 9 2023 Issue Size ₹523.07 Cr
Issue Type Book Built Issue IPO Allotment Details Feb, 12 2023
Lot Size 32 Shares Refunds Feb, 13 2023
Face Value ₹10 per share Credit of Shares to Demat Feb, 13 2023
Price Band ₹ 445 to ₹ 468 per share Cut off time for UPI Mandate Confirmation Feb, 9 2023 5:00 Pm

In this article, we will discuss:


Capital Small Finance Bank, India's inaugural Small Finance Bank, commenced operations in 2016 after its previous stint as a non-NBFC Microfinance entity since 1999. Specializing in agricultural loans, MSME support, trading loans, and house mortgages, the bank has expanded across north Indian states—Punjab, Haryana, Rajasthan, Delhi, Himachal Pradesh, and Union Territory of Chandigarh. By September 30, 2023, the bank boasts a network spanning five states and one Union Territory, featuring 173 branches and 175 ATMs. Notably, 76.30% of its branches are strategically positioned in rural and semi-urban areas across 24 districts, serving 75.75% of its customer base.

Investment Rationale

  • Strategic Focus on Retail: High CASA Ratio at 42% Signals Robust Deposit Base The bank prioritizes retail banking, boasting a substantial CASA ratio of 42% in FY23. This emphasizes a significant share of deposits, leading to a more economical cost of borrowing.
  • Sustained Growth Post SFB Transformation: Deposits and Advances Surge Since attaining Small Finance Bank (SFB) status, Capital has witnessed substantial growth in deposits and advances, coupled with enhanced profitability and an improved cost-to-income ratio.
  • Asset Security Assurance: 99.85% of Bank Loans Backed by Collateral Ensuring financial stability, nearly 100% of the bank's loan portfolio is supported by collateral, specifically tied to immovable properties, providing a robust foundation for lending activities.
  • Stellar Performance Continues: Consistent Growth in Deposits, Advances, and Profitability Capital's track record remains unwavering since transitioning to a Small Finance Bank (SFB), showcasing consistent growth in deposits and advances, along with notable enhancements in the cost-to-income ratio, ultimately bolstering profitability.
  • Customer-Centric Banking: Focused on Middle-Income Segment Capital Small Finance Bank adopts a customer-centric approach, particularly targeting the middle-income segment. This strategy underscores a deep understanding of customer needs and preferences.

Key Risks

  • NPA Vulnerability: Microfinance Focus Exposes SFBs to Economic Downturns The inherent microfinancing nature of banks in rural and semi-urban areas, as observed in FY20, poses a risk of Non-Performing Assets (NPA) during challenging economic periods. Further the trends of GNPA for this SFB has also been volatile.
  • Fierce Competition: Financial Inclusion Drive Spurs Aggressive Expansion by SFBs The surge in financial inclusion initiatives intensifies competition among various Small Finance Banks (SFBs), especially in rural and semi-urban sectors, heightening competitive pressures.
  • Lending Concentration Risk: SFB's Revenue Dependency Raises Caution Capital's substantial reliance (70%+) on lending activities exposes it to concentration risk, where loan fallout or defaults could significantly impact the bank's overall earning capacity.
  • Rural Economy Dependency: Capital SFB's Fate Tied to Rural Developments The prosperity or setback of Capital Small Finance Bank is intricately linked to rural economic dynamics. Any economic downturn or natural calamity affecting rural and semi-urban areas could substantially diminish its book value.


Participating in the Capital Small Finance Bank IPO offers investors a chance to enter India's burgeoning small finance bank sector, targeting untapped rural and semi-urban markets. Despite potential for growth, the bank's fluctuating asset quality raises concerns. Additionally, the demanding price-to-book ratio of 2.9x is deemed expensive.

Therefore, we recommend an Avoid Rating to this IPO, suggesting investors await a more favorable entry point for the stock.

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