Understanding What is Averaging: Meaning, Types and Use

In this article, we will discuss:

What Is Averaging?

A common principle that is followed in the stock market is " buy low and sell high". However, the stock market being volatile, it is not always possible to abide by this principle. However with the presence of the averaging concept, dealing with the ups and downs of the stock market has become feasible.

Let us check this article to understand what is averaging and how it works in the Indian stock market.

What is Averaging in the Stock Market?

Averaging in the stock market is a concept that is bundled up with different trading strategies. It involves the proposition of an increase or reduction of share prices to overcome market volatility. In a bull market, averaging lowers the cost of newly bought units. Nonetheless, in a bear market, averaging lowers losses as the average purchase price decreases.

The principle that revolves around the averaging concept is purchasing a specific asset multiple times but at different prices. This strategy is adopted mainly to adjust the overall average price paid for a specific asset. The aim of the investor is always to reduce the acquiring cost of the asset by applying this method.

Types of Stock Market Averaging Strategies

There are three types of stock market average strategies that are used by investors and traders to benefit from purchasing and selling assets. Below we have discussed these strategies in detail.

  • Averaging Down

Adopting the averaging down method in the Indian stock market entails investors purchasing more shares of a stock at a lower price than their purchase price, anticipating an increase in value. 

This strategy is used when investors see a momentarily lower value in a previously purchased share and anticipate future appreciation. The goal is to acquire more shares at a lesser cost, lowering the overall cost per share.

  • Averaging Up

Averaging up is a strategy where an investor acquires additional shares of a stock at a price surpassing the initial purchase, anticipating continued appreciation. This approach is employed when an investor believes a previously acquired undervalued stock will ascend much further. 

The objective is to reduce the overall average cost per share, enhancing the prospect of long-term gains. Typically aligned with a prolonged investment horizon, it hinges on confidence in a company's future growth.

  • Pyramiding

The averaging strategy of pyramiding involves employing an averaging-up approach, wherein an investor purchases shares at various price levels. In this strategy, the trader increases their position by assessing technical indicators like breakouts, surpassing resistance levels, moving average breakouts, and other recognisable chart patterns. 

How Does Averaging Work in the Stock Market?

While understanding what is averaging, it is important to know how you must use this knowledge to get the best results from the stock market. Here, we have discussed all the main aspects of how averaging works and how it must be used in the market.

  • Historical Exploration

Before committing cash, a thorough examination of the stock's price history is required. Sustained growth and a track record of solid fundamentals indicate the high potential value of a security. 

  • Evaluating Future Outlook

Examining a stock's future entails investigating its operational elements, sector role, and overall market landscape. This examination helps forecast the stock's potential growth in the following years.

  • Avoiding Prolonged Declines

Averaging is not a cure-all for long-term declines. If a stock continues to fall owing to fundamental faults, using averaging regularly may worsen losses. Prudent judgment is required.

  • Identifying Optimal Stocks

A solid strategy begins with a solid foundation, which in the context of average in stocks involves the prudent selection of high-value stocks.

  • Maintaining Vigilance

While averaging might take a relatively passive approach, it should not be confused with neglect. Regular stock performance monitoring is critical, especially in light of changes in business fundamentals or industry dynamics.

  • Embracing Diversification

It is wise not to concentrate all investments on one field. Spreading investments across several equities and sectors reduces the chance of a single stock or sector underperforming.

  • Keeping Calm

The stock market's intrinsic volatility challenges investor fortitude. While adaptation is essential, rash reactions to temporary market changes may be harmful.


Overall, averaging is known as a useful tool that traders and investors must be aware of. By understanding what is averaging and analysing how to use averaging strategies for your benefit, you can easily deal with the ups and downs of the stock market confidently. 

Also, make sure to check the averaging prices of your stock with our "New-Gen” Samco App" to make an informed decision.

Frequently Asked Questions

  • Is using the averaging method good for traders?

Using the averaging method is intrinsically associated with a lengthy time horizon. As a result, it is not suitable for traders especially during a lengthy bearish trend, potentially magnifying short-term losses. However, it is still advantageous when used as a long-term investing plan.

  • What is the benefit of averaging?

The benefit of using an averaging method is that if prices of stocks rise in future the investor can still make a profit or incur a minimum loss, only if it does not reach the initial purchase price. 

  •  When should I not use averaging in the stock market?

You should not use the averaging method in these two circumstances: 1) If the company's situation is in a critical state and potentials are questioned, averaging down can increase the risk exposure of its stock. 2) Averaging up in a market that is not supported by fundamentals might result in massive losses if there is a reversal shortly after the averaging up.

Disclaimer: INVESTMENT IN SECURITIES MARKET ARE SUBJECT TO MARKET RISKS, READ ALL THE RELATED DOCUMENTS CAREFULLY BEFORE INVESTING. The asset classes and securities quoted in the film are exemplary and are not recommendatory. SAMCO Securities Limited (Formerly known as Samruddhi Stock Brokers Limited): BSE: 935 | NSE: 12135 | MSEI- 31600 | SEBI Reg. No.: INZ000002535 | AMFI Reg. No. 120121 | Depository Participant: CDSL: IN-DP-CDSL-443-2008 CIN No.: U67120MH2004PLC146183 | SAMCO Commodities Limited (Formerly known as Samruddhi Tradecom India Limited) | MCX- 55190 | SEBI Reg. No.: INZ000013932 Registered Address: Samco Securities Limited, 1004 - A, 10th Floor, Naman Midtown - A Wing, Senapati Bapat Marg, Prabhadevi, Mumbai - 400 013, Maharashtra, India. For any complaints Email - grievances@samco.in Research Analysts -SEBI Reg.No.-INHO0O0005847

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