AMUL – A Fight Against InjusticeNow many of us wonder, what does AMUL stand for. Is it a short form of something? It is an acronym? Well, yes. The full form of AMUL is Anand Milk Utpadak Ltd. The term ‘AMUL’ is derived from a Sanskrit word Amulya, which means precious or priceless. The history of AMUL is intertwined with the Indian freedom fight. During the British Raj, a company named Polson had monopoly in the Indian dairy sector. It controlled milk collection from Anand and its distribution in Mumbai. However, Polson did nothing for the upliftment of the Indian farmers. Tired of the injustice, the farmers of Kaira approached Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel. He then suggested forming a co-operative and selling milk directly to the Bombay Milk Scheme. The idea was to eliminate middlemen like Polson. This led to the formation of AMUL in 1946 under the Kaira District Co-operative Milk Producers Union. Local farmer leader Tribhuvandas K Patel was appointed as the leader of the co-operative. A key member in the success of AMUL is Dr Verghese Kurien. He is also known as the father of white revolution in India. He helped set up AMUL at Anand and then went on to replicate the Anand model across the country. Following its success, five other unions were set up. This meant five different marketing efforts and costs. To save up on the marketing and advertising costs, an apex advertisement body was formed in 1973– The Gujarat Co-Operative Milk Marketing Federation Ltd (GCMMF). The brand AMUL was then transferred from Kaira Union to GCMMF. Today, GCMMF is the largest food marketing organisation in India. AMUL was started by a handful of farmers in Gujarat. Today, AMUL has more than 3.1 million farmers as its partners. Yes, you read that right. The farmers which supply milk to AMUL are not its employees. They are its partners. They are owners of AMUL. You will be surprised to know that for every one rupee that AMUL makes, it pays 80 paise back to its farmers…its partners and owners. This is something that sets AMUL apart from its competitors. Another commendable thing about AMUL is its innovation. AMUL has a unique ability to adapt to changing tastes of the country.
AMUL Chocolates – A Stroke of BrillianceA classic example of this is the AMUL chocolates. When we think of Chocolates, we immediately think of Dairy Milk or KitKat or 5-star (Ramesh-Suresh, anyone? ). But did you know that AMUL has been making chocolates since 1970s. However, Cadbury or Nestle dominated the chocolates market. But then AMUL had a stroke of genius… Why are chocolates only sweet? Why not create chocolates for the health conscious or the diabetic? This led to the creation of AMUL dark chocolates, which is taking the chocolate industry by the storm. AMUL chocolates now controls 10% of the market share in India. And they are growing at a rapid pace. Here’s a look at the various variety of AMUL products –
|Amul ice-cream||Amul peanut butter|
|Amul dark chocolate||Amul white chocolate|
|Amul butter||Amul shrikhand|
|Amul cheese||Amul masti dahi|
|Amul milk||Amul French fries|
|Amul fresh cream||Amul condensed milk|
|Amul cream||Amul garlic butter|
|Amul ghee||Amul heavy cream|
|Amul mozzarella cheese||Amul bread|
|Amul milk powder||Amul basundi|
|Amul Kool||Amul rajbhog ice cream|
|Amul lassi||Amul butterscotch ice cream|
|Amul kaju katli||Amul Gulab jamun|
|Amul dahi||Amul Belgian chocolate|
|Amul taaza milk||Amul rasgulla|
|Amul gold||Amul gouda cheese|
|Amul mithai mate||Amul cornetto|
- AMUL is the largest dairy company in India.
- It is also the eighth biggest dairy company in the world.
- It is the biggest FMCG company in India.