RBI: Find Full Form, Functions and Latest Financial Details

What is the full form of RBI?

The full form of RBI is The Reserve Bank of India. The RBI is the central bank of India and acts as a banker to the Indian government. The RBI was established with an aim to provide monetary stability in the country through its policies and to look after the currency and credit system by regulating the money supply in the Indian economy. RBI full form

Genesis & Profile of RBI

Brief Profile of RBI

The Reserve bank of India formulates and implements the government’s monetary policies and issues currency in India. It also manages the country’s international payments and its forex markets. The RBI also regulates the Indian banking system and acts as a last resort for troubled banks. 

Inception of RBI

The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) was established on April 1, 1935, under the Reserve Bank of India Act, 1934. It started its operations with Sir Osborne Smith as the first Governor of the bank. The Reserve Bank of India which was originally set up as a shareholder's bank in 1935 was nationalised on 1st January 1949. Post nationalisation in 1949, the RBI is wholly owned by the government of India.  The RBI headquarters were permanently shifted from Kolkata to Mumbai in 1937. Currently, it is located at Shahid Bhagat Singh Marg, Mumbai and has regional offices throughout the country. The Reserve Bank of India was constituted to:
  • Regulate the issue of currency in India
  • Secure monetary stability in India
  • Operate the currency and credit system of India 
  • Establish modern policy framework 

Governor and Deputy Governor of RBI:

Shri Shaktikanta Das is the current governor of the RBI while B. P. Kanungo, Mahesh Kumar Jain and Michael Debabrata Patra are the deputy governors of RBI.

Functions of RBI:

  • Issue of currency
  • Implementing Monetary Policy
  • Regulating Public Debt Functions
  • Foreign Exchange Management
  • Banking Regulation & Supervision
  • Regulation & Supervision of NBFCs
  • Regulation & Supervision of Co-operative banks
  • Regulation of Derivatives and Money Market Instruments
  • Regulating the Payment and Settlement markets
  • Protecting the customer’s interests. 

RBI Policies:

  • Repo Rate:  Repo or repurchase rate is the interest rate at which the RBI lends money to all other banks for a short duration. Repo rate is used by RBI to control inflation
  • Reverse Repo Rate (RRR): Reverse Repo rate is the short-term borrowing rate at which RBI borrows money from commercial banks. The Reserve Bank of India uses this method to reduce inflation when there is excess money in the economy.
  • Cash Reserve Ratio (CRR): CRR is the percentage of money to be kept by all the commercial banks with The Reserve Bank of India in the form of cash.
  • Statutory liquidity ratio (SLR): SLR is maintaining liquid assets in the form of cash, gold, other securities prescribed by RBI to the commercial banks. 

Balance Sheet of RBI: Balance Sheet as on June 30, 2020

(Amount in Rs. billion)
Liabilities Schedule  2018- 2019 2019-2020 Assets  Schedule  2018- 2019 2019-2020
Capital 0.05 0.05  Notes, Rupee Coin, Small Coin 5 0.09 0.13
Reserve Fund 65.00 65.00 Gold Coin and Bullion  6 882.98  1,428.75
Other Reserves 1 2.30 2.32 Investments-Foreign-BD 7 6,964.53  10,234.00 
Deposits 2 7,649.22 11,758.60 Investments-Domestic-BD 8 9,898.77 11,720.27
Other Liabilities and Provisions 3 11,624.51 15,166.21 Bills Purchased and Discounted 0.00  0.00 
Loans and Advances 9 931.87 3,222.07 
Investment in Subsidiaries 10 19.64 19.64
Other Assets 11 643.20  367.32
Liabilities of Issue Department Assets of Issue Department (ID)
Notes Issued 4 21,687.97  26,355.75 Gold Coin and Bullion (as backing for Note issue) 6 792.04  1,131.46
Rupee Coin 8.28  7.85
Investment-Foreign-ID 7 20,887.65  25,216.44
Investment-Domestic-ID 8 0.00 0.00
Domestic Bills of Exchange and other Commercial Papers 0.00 0.00
Total Liabilities 41,029.05  53,347.93 Total Assets  41,029.05 53,347.93 

Download App to know your Andekha Sach

Get the link to download the app.

Google Play Store App Store
Samco Fast Trading App

About The Author

Leave A Comment?