- What are Penny Stocks
- Features and characteristics
- How to analyse and investing in penny stocks
- Risks of investing in penny stocks
- Four points to remember before investing in Penny Stocks
- Brokerage while trading penny stocks
What are Penny Stocks?The concept of penny stocks originated in the United States of America (USA). It is derived from the unit of currency called the penny. It is equivalent to one-hundredth of a US dollar.Penny stocks or penny shares are stocks which trade at a low price and have extremely low market capitalisation.The definition of penny stocks varies from country to country. For example, in India, stocks that are trading below Rs. 20 are commonly known as penny stocks.Whereas in the USA, stocks that are trading below $5 are considered as penny stocks. While in the United Kingdom, penny stocks are stocks that are trading below £1.
How to find out if a stock is a penny stock?Penny stocks are generally offered by companies with lower market capitalisation. Hence, penny stocks are also called nano-cap stocks, micro-cap stocks, and small-cap stocks.A company’s market capitalisation is determined by multiplying its current share price with the number of outstanding shares.The following table demonstrates the classification of companies based on their market-capitalisation rates –
|Large-cap companies||Rs. 20,000 Crore or above|
|Mid-cap companies||Rs. 5,000 Crore – 20,000 Crore|
|Small-cap companies||Rs. 500 Crore – 5,000 Crore|
|Micro-cap companies||Rs. 100 Crore – 500 Crore|
|Nano-cap companies||Below Rs. 100 Crore|
Let’s understand the features and characteristics of penny stocks.
- Low liquidity
- Limited historic information
- Multibagger Stock
How should one go about analysing and investing in penny stocks?Penny stocks are riskier than the blue-chip, large cap or mid cap stocks.However, they present us with huge growth potential. But not all penny stocks outperform other investment options. This is why penny stocks are not recommended for investors with low-risk appetite.Your investment portfolio must be diversified. You must not invest a major portion of your corpus in penny stocks. Penny stocks usually lure retail investors for their cheap availability and their potential to become multi-baggers.But remember, high returns come with high risks.In this video, we have discussed a model portfolio of five best penny stocks in India which you can buy keeping your risk appetite in mind. The video will also enable you to make your own checklist of factors to check before identifying penny stocks for long term investing.Watch: How to Analyse Best Penny Stocks in India
Risks of investing in penny stocksPenny stocks are highly lucrative if you do your homework before investing in them. Though there is only limited information available, you must learn how to make the most of the data available.If you are able to find and invest in a fundamentally strong penny stock, you can make an enormous fortune.Recommended Read: Five-Step Framework to Company AnalysisPenny stocks have extremely low trading volumes. s. This makes them an easy target to manipulate the stock price. Unethical operators would invest or dump penny stocks in large quantities, which causes wide range fluctuation in stock prices.
Risk of Stock Exchange restrictionsSince penny stocks are issued by ultra-small companies, their compliance with the law and the stock market regulations may be casual.This usually attracts adverse regulatory action from the stock exchanges. They can impose upper and lower circuits on the companies to prevent excessive speculation in them.The imposition of a circuit adversely impacts the ability of the trader to exit the stock when he wants to.If the company continues to de-comply with regulatory laws and rules, The Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) has the power to order such companies to delist from the exchanges.
Four points to remember before investing in penny stocksBefore you invest in penny stocks, keep these four things in mind. This will ensure that you don’t just invest because the stock is cheap but because it is fundamentally strong.
- Draw a line
- Diversify your portfolio
- Regularly monitor the performance
- Don’t trust the data blindly